14 Free Resources for Primary Source Documents ~ Educational Technology and Mobile Learning

The Library of Congress offers classroom materials and professional development to help teachers effectively use primary sources from the Library’s vast digital collections in their teaching. Find Library of Congress lesson plans and more that meet Common Core standards, state content standards, and the standards of national organizations.

Life Photo Archive is a good platform to search for millions of photographs stretching from the 1750s to today. Most were never published and are now available for the first time through the joint work of LIFE and Google. Add “source:life” to any Google image search and search only the LIFE photo archive. For example: computer source:life
Newer PostDesigned for high school and college teachers and students, History Matters serves as a gateway to web resources and offers other useful materials for teaching U.S. history

1- Library of Congress

3- America in Class
The Internet History Sourcebooks Project is a collection of public domain and copy-permitted historical texts presented cleanly (without advertising or excessive layout) for educational use.

9- Life Photo Archive
10- Milestone Documents
This websites offers collections of primary resources compatible with the Common Core State Standards — historical documents, literary texts, and works of art — thematically organized with notes and discussion questions.

Funded by a grant from the Library of Congress PSN provides no-cost teacher professional development to help K-12 educators provide high-quality classroom instruction using the millions of digitized primary sources available from www.loc.gov.
Primary sources are resources that were first-hand created in a given period of time and never undergone any kind of editing or distortion. These sources are multimodal and they come in different forms. They can be artifacts, documents, pictures, recordings, essays, photographs, maps…etc. Now with the globalization of knowledge and the pervasive use of digital media, primary sources become accessible to everybody with an internet connection. However, the search for these materials is akin to a scavenger hunt and hence the importance of having a handy list such as the one below to keep for rainy days.
For our colleagues teaching in Europe, this website feature sources on European history. It offers selected transcripts, facsimiles and translations on different historical periods .
Whether you teach social studies, history, literature, Geography or any other content area where there is a need for original and primary source documents, the list below will definitely be a good starting point for searching and assembling primary sources.
14- World Digital Library

7- The Avalon Project

8- Persus Digital Library

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4- Chronicling America

The World Digital Library (WDL) makes available on the Internet, free of charge and in multilingual format, significant primary materials from countries and cultures around the world.
Search America’s historic newspaper pages from 1836-1922 or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Library of Congress.

Milestone Documents provides a growing collection of primary sources for teachers.You’ll find material from nearly every time period and location, plus pedagogical support designed by teachers for teachers.

12- Euro Docs
2- Primary Source Nexus
11- Internet History Sourcebook Project
Persus Digital Library is another wonderful resource for primary source documents. Under the tab “collections and text” you can browse from thousands of resources all archived in digital format.
13- History Matters

I have been scouring the web for several hours and finally come up with this selection. I have also come across several other lists of primary sources curated by other educators but the one that stood out to me the most is Edutopia’s list.
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Avalon Project in Yale University provides a wide collection of primary source documents and materials on different areas including law, history, and diplomacy
HomeDocs Teach provides thousands of primary source documents that span the course of American history. to bring the past to life as classroom teaching tools from the billions preserved at the National Archives. Use the search field to find written documents, images, maps, charts, graphs, audio and video in our ever-expanding collection that spans the course of American history.
The Digital Archive contains once-secret documents from governments all across the globe, uncovering new sources and providing fresh insights into the history of international relations and diplomacy

5- Docs Teach

6- Digital Archive Wilson Centre

A Sportswriter Cries “Foul!” – Grammar & Punctuation | The Blue Book of Grammar and Punctuation

GrammarBook.com says:That’s the elephant-in-the-room

A Sportswriter Cries “Foul!”

It now resides in the guest room of my house. Ladies welcome.

Don’t go justpaste.it/writemyessay4me-review Tiger (go ballistic, or go east)

“Meaning what ace?” (actually saw this in a David Milch script)
He’s the odd-man-out

I love the Blue Book, a copy sits in each of the 3 bathrooms in my house, but why are you grammarians so adamant against alright? It seems to me there’s a genuine need for it. Sometimes the kids are all right, sometimes they’re alright. Clearly 2 different things.

Postcript: Wayne Hagin, a broadcaster at the time (can’t remember what team), knew about my mission. One night near the very end of the season, he yanked that sign off the bathroom wall and stashed it in his briefcase.

Thank you very much for your kind words regarding The Blue Book; we appreciate that.

Say It Ain’t So Spain (it ain’t so hot, either)

Long ago, in the press box of the old Comiskey Park in Chicago, there was a sign on the women’s bathroom that said “Ladie’s.” It was a charming sign, in the form of a baseball—seams and all—but that apostrophe drove me nuts. Year after year, covering the Oakland A’s, I wasn’t able to walk past that thing without seething.

  • July 31, 2016, at 4:54 pm
  • Bruce Jenkins takes a traditionalist view of any time. The one-word version was universally frowned upon until relatively recently.

    ReplyBill S. says:July 31, 2016, at 4:57 pm“This isn’t a funeral you know.” (True, but I think my friend Pete recognizes it.)

  • Lidy V. says:July 29, 2016, at 5:24 pm

    The rules are the rules, and alright is still considered nonstandard. According to the “Usage Note” in our American Heritage Dictionary: “All right … probably should have followed the same orthographic development as already and altogether. But despite its use by a number of reputable authors, the spelling alright has never been accepted as a standard variant …”

    Then there’s the sentence that takes forever to reach the point—and by the time you get there, you’re no longer interested:

    As for hyphens, here are a few really dreadful ones I’ve seen in responsible newspapers lately:

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    Thanks for trying guys (maybe you should go back to gals)

    I love your newsletters and thought provoking articles. However, this time I don’t agree with your take on any time. This is what the Cambridge Dictionary has to say:

    Then in 1990 the park closed down. Visitors knew they’d be making their last visit to the storied old yard. On my last night there, about a month before the season ended, I dawdled and stalled until I was the last person in the press box. And I was prepared. I whipped out a bottle of Wite-Out and made that apostrophe vanish.


    by Bruce Jenkins, San Francisco Chronicle sports columnist

      Commas? Somehow, they have been deemed unnecessary. More actual examples:


      Bruce Jenkins’s new book, Shop Around: Growing Up With Motown in a Sinatra Household, is available in bookstores and on Amazon.com. Jenkins is the son of Gordon Jenkins, who worked with all the greats of the pre-Elvis era (including Judy Garland, Nat “King” Cole, and Sinatra). The Miracles’ “Shop Around,” the first big hit of the Motown empire, turned Bruce’s life around at the age of 12. Shop Around is a book for soul-music lovers and anyone whose parents were on entirely different musical wavelengths.

      • Thank you for writing.

        The best record of all-time

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          The tension-level was high

          Posted on Tuesday, July 26, 2016, at 1:30 pm

          6 Comments on A Sportswriter Cries “Foul!”6 responses to “A Sportswriter Cries “Foul!””

            GrammarBook.com says:

            “Fresh sandwich’s”

            “The occasion of the Wallace brothers burning down the Gazebo with the very last match at their disposal and then pretending it never happened at the after-party at Bob’s house takes a special place in history.” Taken literally, what takes a special place in history?

            July 30, 2016, at 2:38 pm

            As a Dutch speaking person and student of English (exam year interpretation) I do not understand this one in your series. Especially the lines on comma. Sorry!

            GrammarBook.com says:

            Email *


          July 30, 2016, at 2:37 pm

          How about the second time in as many days? As many days as what? Should be in two days.


        1. Somehow, a guy named Al showed up in all right, and it’s now “alright.” Nope. Wrong. And I have no time for “anytime.” It has to be two words: any time. Once you’ve written “any hour” or “any minute,” how can you go with “anytime”?

          We understand how a non-native English speaker might be puzzled by those lines. In each case Bruce Jenkins is demonstrating how leaving out a crucial comma leads to a misunderstanding of the sentence. Allow us to explain the first one, then you may be able to make sense of the others. “Thanks for trying, guys” means that the guys are being thanked for “trying.” However, “Thanks for trying guys” means that someone is being thanked for “trying guys.” We hope that helps.

          Going forward. It’s not bad grammar, it just has no place. What, as opposed to going backward? Eliminate going forward from every usage, in print or conversation, and it won’t be missed.

          ReplyReplyJuly 29, 2016, at 5:22 pm

          Then there’s the misplaced apostrophe, so common on the street:

          The hyphens are coming, and beware—they’re taking over. Commas, not so much. Commas have gone extinct. These are a couple of my pet peeves when it comes to grammatical violations in print. More on that later. In the meantime:

          Dare-we-say he was confused?

          Nicky C. says:“She fly’s with her own wing’s”

        anytime: at a time that is not or does not need to be decided or agreed.

    8 important words from the Hunger Games | OxfordWords blog

    1) Reaping

    It all starts here, so look sharp! The reaping is where two tributes, one girl and one boy, are selected to represent their district in the Games.

    Survival of the fittest – so don’t even think about it unless you’re primed for a fight. The cornucopia is a structure, in the shape of a horn, at the centre of the arena where all the tributes are placed when the Games begin. All food, weapons, and other supplies are laid here to tempt in the tributes to a bloodbath. Cornucopia is a late Latin form, written as one word, of the earlier phrase cornū cōpiae meaning the ‘horn of plenty’; fabled to be the horn of the goat Amalthea by which the infant www.justpaste.it/justbuyessay-review Zeus was suckled; the symbol of fruitfulness and plenty.

    This use of the word ‘reaping’ could be representative of many of the senses of the verb reap, many of which date back to Old English, including the most common sense meaning to gather, reap a reward (as the Capitol is reaping their reward for being victorious over the districts). It also could allude to the phrase ‘to reap what one sows’, as the Capitol taking the children of the defeated districts every year is a constant reminder of the negative consequences of their actions – payback for their previous rebellion in the Dark Days. As the children of the districts are effectively being raised like lambs for the slaughter, this word has obvious connotations with the Grim Reaper, as 23 of the 24 selected will not survive the Games. Grim Reaper is first noted in the Oxford English Dictionary (OED) in 1847 but ‘Reaper’ meaning death is mentioned much earlier in 1650.

    Katniss, Katniss, wherefore art thou Katniss? A bit of romance can do wonders for your chance of survival, so ham it up. Win over the populace of the Capitol as love’s young dream and you might just make it out of there!

    4) Sponsor

    Whether your arena is a jungle, a desert, or a ticking time bomb, here are eight Hunger Games words you need to know in order to survive. Don’t forget, knowing these definitions could save your life, and may the odds be ever in your favour!


    ‘Sponsors’ are members of the audience who, due to their admiration, or often the fact that they have a lot of money bet on you winning, can pay to send you objects in the Games. This could take the form of medicine, food, or even a spile. ‘Sponsor’, as a noun, derives from the Latin, spondere, meaning to ‘promise solemnly’.

    2) Tribute

    Get some tips from Haymitch Abernathy as you’ll need some serious smarts to survive this. The Quarter Quell is a special version of the Games occurring every 25 years. This is designed to re-emphasize the subjugation of the districts, as one would expect considering the definition of the word quell, which according to the OED has parallels in a number of languages including Middle Dutch, Old Saxon, Old High German, Old Icelandic, and Old Swedish.

    8 words you need to know to survive The Hunger Games

    For the full picture on the language of The Hunger Games, read our blog post.

    7) Career

    3) Quarter Quell

  • The opinions and other information contained in OxfordWords blog posts and comments do not necessarily reflect the opinions or positions of Oxford University Press.
  • Being good with animals is no advantage here. Muttations (or mutts) are frequently unleashed when you least expect it in the Hunger Games arena. These range from terrifying mutant beasts to seemingly harmless eavesdroppers. ‘Mutt’ itself stems from ‘muttonhead’ meaning ‘a dull or stupid person’, colloquial in the US and first cited in the OED in 1803. The fuller form of the word suggests that there may be a nod to the idea of mutation.

      That’s you! The contestants who are sent to the Games are called ‘tributes’. The choice of name here evokes the tributes paid by the losing side after a war in the ancient world. These ancient tributes often involved hostages, and there is also an obvious link to sacrifice here. The word ‘tribute’ being used to describe people as payment hammers home the participants’ loss of identity and humanity.

      8) Muttation

      A bit of careers advice – avoid them at all costs. In the Games a ‘career’ is referring to the strong, lethal tributes usually from districts one and two. Though it is illegal to do so, they train for the games their whole life and then volunteer for the glory of winning. In modern English ‘career’, meaning a course of professional life or employment, is modelled on the French ‘carrière’ and is first cited in the OED in 1927. These tributes band together like animals in a pack, and are as ravenous as hyenas, so watch your back.

      6) Cornucopia

      ‘Star-crossed’ is first mentioned in William Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet in 1597 but has since been frequently alluded to in literature as well as romcoms. Did you know, however, that it actually means thwarted by a malign star?

      5) Star-crossed lovers

    20 Education Administrator Blogs | Essay Writing

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    Image via Flickr by Christian Schnettelker

    Edublog lists its top education websites and blogs in its Edublog awards. EdTech provides its selection of must read K-12 edtech blogs, and Teach 100 maintains a list of its daily power ranking of 100 education blogs.

    Author : Buffer, Inc

  • PrincipalJ—Jessica Johnson, 2014 Wisconsin Elementary School Principal of the Year, provides advice from the trenches for fellow principals.
  • This variety of blogs from experts representing all aspects of education gives school administrators a wealth of information to build upon.

  • Homeroom –the official blog of the Department of Education, provides video and written blogs on topics concerning education, from early learning to college completion. With blog posts like Why I’m a Principal, Not a Statistic by Sharif El-Mekki of Mastery Charter School-Shoemaker Campus in Philadelphia, PA, the blog presents a variety of perspectives from educators across the country.
  • Views of a Life Long Learner—educational consultant Avery Greenblatt draws upon his experience as a teacher and principal to deliver ideas on leadership and life.
  • Eduwonk –the blog, which is primarily written by Andrew Rotherham, cofounder of Bellwether Education Partners, contains education news, analysis and commentary.
  • Doc H’s Blog –Dr. Terry Holliday details days in his life as Kentucky’s commissioner of education.
  • A Principal’s Reflections –as a K-12 director of technology and innovation in New Jersey, Eric Sheninger helps schools embrace the digital age.
  • Here’s our list of the 20 great blogs to check out, and what makes them intriguing:

  • Dr. Cook’s Blog –penned by Dr. Spike Cook, a New Jersey elementary school principal, includes a mixture of posts on learning, innovation, leadership, and technology.
    1. Website : http://bufferapp.com/diggdigg –>

      It’s not easy being a school administrator. As leader of your school or department, it may be difficult to find peers you can confide in, discuss challenges or get insights.

    2. Teach Thought—the blog directed by former English teacher Terry Heick, looks at how both teachers and students can learn better.
    3. Edutopia – the organization behind Edutopia was founded by film maker George Lucas, who wanted to helps schools use their untapped potential to engage students in innovative learning methods. Contributors include principals, tutors, reporters, university professors and parents.
    4. The Principal Difference—this blog, by the National Association of Secondary School Principals, doesn’t shy away from raising important issues such as uncovering myths of student engagement or if elementary teacher bias discourages girls from math and science.
    5. The Innovative Educator –the author of this blog, Lisa Nielsen, found school boring as a student, so she wanted to change it for younger generations. As a librarian, ed tech professional and now director of digital engagement and professional learning, she writes about the future of education with a down-to-earth perspective.
    6. The Principal of Change –with both a personal and professional view, Canadian division principal George Couros delivers his thoughts on how to promote successful school leadership.
    7. The Hechinger Report –this nonprofit newsroom takes on issues of education and inequality in classrooms and on campuses.
    8. That’s why it’s great to tap into the opinions, knowledge and research of education administrator blogs. Most of these blogs are written for and by administrators, and can open up a conversation and help you connect with others who, like you, work to provide the best educational opportunities for your students. Others blogs are written from people who aren’t in the trenches, and can provide a different, but necessary perspective.

      Still looking for more resources?

  • The 21st Century Principal—John Robinson has a solid background as North Carolina teacher, and school administrator. He asks tough questions about school choice, testing and educational policies.
  • MindShift –launched as a joint venture between a California public television station and NPR, the posts explore the future of learning and how technology affects the process.
  • Brilliant or Insane: Education on the Edge—this anyone can try here blog, published by education coach Mark Barnes and a team of writers, takes on education technology, leadership, social media and innovative practices
  • EmergingEdTech –a resource for the latest in education technology, including flipped classrooms and effective use of technology in the classroom.
  • This and That – written by Jon Castelhano, director of technology for an Arizona school district, primarily explores universal issues of change, leadership, vision, technology and innovation.
  • Connected Principals –this collection of contributions from school administrators who want to share knowledge, learn together and lead effectively. Topics range from tactical ideas on preparing students for graduation to conceptual, such has how to best motivate students.
  • Editor’s note: This piece was originally written by Jeff Dunn and ran on December 9, 2011. A lot has changed since then, so we’ve had author Pamela DeLoatch update this piece with the latest techniques and innovations.

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